If youвЂ™re an archery hunter, you can stay safe during this yearвЂ™s archery hunts by following a few, simple rules. UtahвЂ™s general archery buck deer and elk hunts kick off Aug. 20.
вЂњEvery year, we receive reports of archery hunters injuring themselves,вЂќ says Gary Cook, hunter education coordinator for the Division of Wildlife Resources.
Two practices lead to most of the accidents: not being safe in tree stands or having arrows out of your quiver when you shouldnвЂ™t.
Cook provides the following advice to help you avoid these accidents:
1) Tree stands – before you climb a tree, make sure itвЂ™s large enough to hold your weight.
To lessen the chance that youвЂ™ll fall while climbing the tree, leave your bow, arrows and other equipment on the ground, and attach a haul line to them. Also, be sure to use an approved safety harness (also called a fall arrest system), and always secure yourself to the tree as soon as you leave the ground.
вЂњOnce you reach your stand and have attached your safety harness to your final location,вЂќ Cook says, вЂњthen use your haul line to lift your gear to you.вЂќ
Cook also recommends using a portable tree stand, rather than building a вЂњpermanentвЂќ one. вЂњPermanent tree stands can deteriorate and become unsafe,вЂќ he says.В вЂњAlso, they donвЂ™t look good. And you can damage the tree by hammering nails into it.вЂќ
If youвЂ™re hunting on a national forest in Utah, youвЂ™ll have to use a portable tree stand — permanent tree stands are illegal.
2) вЂњUntil youвЂ™re ready to shoot, keep your arrows in a quiver that has a hood on it that covers the broadheads,вЂќ Cook says.В вЂњOne of the most common accidents we see is archers jabbing themselves or other hunters while carrying arrows in their hand or nocked on their bow.
Keep your arrows in a quiver until youвЂ™re ready to shoot.вЂќ
State law requires that arrows be in a case while the arrows are in or on a vehicle.В When youвЂ™re outside your vehicle, itвЂ™s up to you to protect yourself.
In addition to the safety tips, Cook provides tips on getting prepared for the season, safety items to remember while youвЂ™re in the field and tips on tracking animals and preserving their meat.
1) Preparation –
- equipment checks – make sure the laminations on your bow are not flaking or separating and that the strings on your bow are not fraying. If you have a compound bow, make sure the pulleys and cables are in good shape. Also, make sure your arrowвЂ™s spline (the stiffness of the arrowвЂ™s shaft) matches your bowвЂ™s draw weight. If your bowвЂ™s draw weight produces more force than your arrow can handle, your arrow will probably fly off target when you shoot.
- broadhead sharpening – when you sharpen your broadheads, be careful and take your time. Your broadheads should be razor sharp. But make sure you donвЂ™t cut yourself while sharpening them.
- practice shooting as much as possible.
- obtain written permission from private landowners before hunting on their property or using their property to access public land.
- know the boundaries of limited entry units and other restricted areas in the area youвЂ™ll be hunting.
- take the DWRвЂ™s Bowhunter Education class.
You can learn more about the class, and sign up to take it, at https://go.usa.gov/W0s.
2) Never take a shot at a deer or an elk that is beyond the maximum, effective range youвЂ™re comfortable shooting at.В Also, before releasing your arrow, make sure of your target and whatвЂ™s beyond it.
3) After the shot –
- watch the animal and determine the direction it took. Then go to the spot where you last saw the animal and find your arrow. If thereвЂ™s blood on it, and if you have a compass, take a reading of the direction the animal went. Then wait 30 minutes before tracking it. If you track the animal too soon, you can spook it into running. If you wait at least 30 minutes before tracking it, youвЂ™ll find most of the deer and elk you shoot dead within a reasonable distance of your starting point.
- when you track an animal, look for blood not only on the ground but on the brush too.В If you begin to lose the animalвЂ™s trail, tie a piece of biodegradable paper near the last blood spot.В Then search for the animalвЂ™s trail by walking a circular pattern out from the paper. The paper will serve as a marker that will let you know where you started. Also, tying paper at the locations of the last three or four spots you see, and then standing away from the paper and looking at the paper trail, can help you visualize the direction the animal took.
- once youвЂ™ve found the animal, check to see if its eyes are open. If theyвЂ™re not, the animal probably isnвЂ™t dead. If its eyes are open, touch one of the eyes with a long stick. Doing so will keep you out of harmвЂ™s way if the animal is still alive. Once the animal is dead, field dress and cool its meat immediately. ItвЂ™s usually warm during the archery hunt. The warm temperatures can cause the meat to spoil quickly.
Cook also provides tips for reducing conflicts with homeowners and those who donвЂ™t hunt:
1) Find access points to your hunting area well in advance of the season.
2) If access requires crossing private land, you must obtain written permission from the landowner.В If you canвЂ™t obtain written permission, find another access point.
3) Before you start hunting, make sure youвЂ™re well beyond the minimum distances you must maintain from roads and dwellings.В If youвЂ™re going to hunt in Salt Lake County, please remember that the countyвЂ™s hunting restrictions are more restrictive than the rest of Utah.В Read the 2011 Big Game Guidebook closely for more information.
4) Avoid hunting in areas that a lot of people use.В Also, whenever possible, avoid hunting near heavily used trails.
Cook says most of the people in Utah choose not to hunt. вЂњBut they support hunting as long as hunters are legal, safe and ethical,вЂќ he says. вЂњWhen hunters donвЂ™t behave that way, how people feel about hunting can take a turn for the worse.вЂќ
Extended archery areas
If you want to hunt the Wasatch Front, Ogden, Unitah Basin or Sanpete Valley extended archery areas, please remember the following:
1) Before hunting any of these areas, you must complete the DWRвЂ™s Archery Ethics Course.В The free course is available online at https://go.usa.gov/Kg7.
2) While hunting in an extended archery area, you must carry two items with you: your 2011 statewide general archery buck deer permit and your Archery Ethics Course certificate. If youвЂ™re a member of the Dedicated Hunter program, you must also carry your Dedicated Hunter certificate of registration.
For more information, call the nearest Division of Wildlife Resources office or the DWRвЂ™s Salt Lake City office at (801) 538-4700.