What To Do If You Find a Fawn

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DWR Press Release

It’s not unusual to find a deer fawn or an elk calf in the woods or even in town this time of the year.

Mule deer fawns are born with creamy brown coats and white spots. Its coat and spots help the fawn blend in with the surrounding vegetation.

If you find a deer fawn or an elk calf, the best thing to do is keep your distance and leave the animal right where you found it.

Ron Stewart, a regional conservation outreach manager for the Division of Wildlife Resources, said the DWR receives calls every year from people who found an ‘abandoned’ fawn or calf and would like the agency to take care of it.

“While we appreciate and share the caller’s concern,” he explained, “the best thing to do with a newly born deer or elk is to leave it right where you found it.”

Avoiding predators

Stewart said deer and elk use several techniques to help their young avoid predators. “Often these strategies make it look like the adults have abandoned their young,” he said. “Actually, they’re doing the best thing possible to protect their young.”

For example, Stewart explained that deer fawns learn to walk soon after they’re born. “But they aren’t very coordinated,” he said, “They aren’t strong enough to run away from predators. So, evolution has added a few safety measures.”

Most of the animals that prey on fawns have a good sense of smell. “Deer fawns are born scentless,” Stewart says. “They don’t have an odor and predators can’t smell them.”

Also, their creamy brown coats covered with white dots provide a fawn with a camouflage coat that helps it blend in with the new grass and leaves.

Because a fawn doesn’t have a scent and is camouflaged so well, hiding a fawn for the first few weeks of its life is the best way to protect it from predators.

The fawn’s mother will usually move away from the fawn to feed and rest, but she will still remain reasonably close by. “If she senses danger, such as a human,” Stewart said, “she will leave the area in hopes of luring the ‘predator’ away from her fawn.”

Stewart stated people will occasionally stumble across a fawn in its hiding place. Since the doe has left the area, many people think the fawn has been abandoned and they pick it up.

“That’s the worst thing you can do,” he said. “Without knowing it, you’ve just taken a fawn away from its mother.”

Doing the right thing

So, what should you do if you see a deer fawn or an elk calf in the woods or in town?

“First of all, don’t approach it,” Stewart says. “Watch it or take a photo of it from a distance, but don’t approach it. If you get too close, the scent you leave could draw a predator to the animal.”

Stewart said numerous studies have shown that predators will follow human tracks. “I’ve watched coyotes and other predators cross a path that someone just walked and immediately turn and follow their path,” he said. “I don’t know if the predators are curious or if they’ve learned that humans can lead them to food. But if you’ve just gotten close to a fawn, you’ll lead the predator right to it.”

If you see a fawn or a calf, it’s best to stop quite a distance from it. “Then continue past the animal in a loop so the predator follows you around and away from the fawn or calf,” he said.

Finding and petting newly born animals is another problem. “The animal’s survival depends on it staying scentless,” Stewart explained. “If you touch the animal, you’ve placed your scent on it. That will make it easier for a predator to find it.”

More information

You can get more tips about living with wildlife at the Wild Aware Utah website.

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